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10. What do the final scenes represent?
III. i. Give Russian equivalents of the following phrases:
the ageless exquisite Virgin; a formidable creation; lunettes; an activist prophet; to carve a
statue; a buttress; to design a tomb; over-life statues in marble; successive reductions; a counterpart
to; Advent; Lent; to set in action; the ceiling painting; to flank niches; a flattened barrel vault; an
ambitious undertaking; a formidable creation; to allude poetically to; the vault compartments above
the windows; generations of the ancestry; in the spandrels at the corners; to lift from the dust; a
medieval hymn; to reach its supreme embodiment in; penitential periods; the resurrection at Easter;
at Pentecost; to recline on the barren ground; a companion figure.
ii. Give English equivalents of the following phrases:
ваять статую; соорудить гробницу; грандиозный замысел; неподвластная времени
совершенная Мадонна; Воскрешение на Пасху; пророк-деятель; статуи выше человеческого
роста; контрфорс; Великий пост; Рождественский пост; раскинуться на голой земле; люнеты;
в пазухах свода; внушительное произведение; фланкировать ниши; пятидесятница;
плоскость свода; поэтически ссылаться на; средневековый гимн; парная фигура; поколения
предков; привести в движение; последовательные сокращения; достичь наивысшего во-
площения в; поднять из праха; соратник к.-л.
iii. Make up sentences of your own with the given phrases.
iv. Arrange the following in the pairs of synonyms:
a) recline; barren; penitential; undertaking; to enhance;
b) sorrowful; endeavour; lean back; to intensify; infertile.
IV. Insert the missing prepositions. Retell the text. 
... 1519 Michelangelo began working ... the Medici ... a funerary chapel... the entombment ...
Lorenzo the Magnificent, his murdered brother and two recently deceased dukes. Michelangelo's
architecture supports the tombs ... the two dukes. ... simple rectangular niches sit the two dukes,
dressed ... Roman armour ... their roles as captains ... the Roman Catholic Church. The sarcophagi
have been split ... the centre. ... either side recline figures ... the times ... day, Night and Day, Dawn
and Twilight. These statues were not made ... their present positions. The composition should be
completed ... the reclining river gods. Night and Day are the timeless symbols ... the princely power
that has conquered the powers ... time (the times ... day) and ... space (the four rivers). When
Michelangelo was engaged ... this work glorifying the Medici power, the Sack ... Rome destroyed
temporarily the power ... his Medici patron. The republic was revived ... the third and the last time,
and Michelangelo was placed ... charge ... its defences.
V. Insert the articles wherever necessary. Retell the text. 
... High Renaissance in ... Rome and Florence was brief. It lasted hardly more than ... twenty
five years from its beginning in ... Leonardo's Last Supper to ... death of... Raphael in ...1520. ...
new style succeeded it. It existed for ... while ... side by ... side with ... latest phases of... High
Renaissance art.... new style assumed ... name of Mannerism. ... name Mannerism was proposed by
... art historians in ... twentieth century. Like ... terms ... Romanesque and ... Gothic, Mannerism is
here to stay. ... Mannerism indicates ... style founded upon repetition of... acquired manual
techniques. In ... latest phases of ... sixteenth century art in ... central Italy there was much repetition
of ... type and ... devices invented earlier, especially those of ... Michelangelo. There was nothing
mechanical what went on in ... Florence, ... Seine, ... Parma and ... many other Italian cities just
before and just after ...1520. ... moment was recognized as ... spiritual crisis.
VI. Here are descriptions of some of Michelangelo's
works of art. Match them up to the
given titles. 
I. Sculpture:
1. The figure is turning languidly as if in sleep.
2. This is one of the artist's most formidable creations.
3. The exquisite Virgin presents the timeless reality of Christ's sacrifice.
4. The heroic style is seen in this statue.
5. The new figure type earlier created by Michelangelo is set here in action.
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